Publisher: IBM
Developer: Alex Bernstein
Release date: 1957
Platform: Mainframe
Type: Chess
Country: U.S.A.
More info: Chessprogramming,More photos on GettyImage

The Bernstein Program is the earliest known chess game that implemented the complete rule set. The game examines two levels of moves, but unlike earlier chess games doesn’t try out every possible move but only the seven most plausible moves. After determining what the most plausible moves are the game uses static factors and minimaxing to determine the best move.

Running on the IBM 704 computer the program took about eight minutes to determine its move and never managed to defeat a human opponent.
The computer printed out every move on a paper. At the end of the game, it printed out the “Thank you for an interesting game” text.

Youtube video:



The NSS Chess Program - Mainframe - 1958 · GameOrigo · 2019-02-04 at 16:25

[…] The Bernstein Program – Mainframe – 1957 2019-02-01 […]

A Chess Playing Program for the IBM 7090 Computer - Mainframe - 1962 · GameOrigo · 2019-02-11 at 16:15

[…] five to twenty minutes. It was being worked on at MIT between 1959 and 1962 and based on the 1957 Berstein program, but with added routines for alpha-beta pruning. It was later further developed at Artificial […]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *